Dementia Care: Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Dementia is a progressive neurological disorder affecting a person’s memory, thinking, behavior, and ability to function daily. It is a leading cause of disability among older adults and can profoundly impact a person’s quality of life. 

The symptoms of dementia can vary depending on the type and cause, but they typically include memory loss, difficulty with communication, difficulty with problem-solving and decision-making, and changes in behavior. This article will provide an overview of dementia, including its types, symptoms, diagnosis, and where to find dementia care facilities. 

What Is Dementia?

Even though it affects millions of individuals and gets more prevalent as people age, dementia is not a regular aspect of aging (about one-third of all people aged 85 or older may have some form of dementia). Numerous people reach their 90s and beyond without ever displaying any dementia symptoms. Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent kind of dementia, which can take many different forms.

What Are Dementia’s Indications and Symptoms?

Dementia can cause changes in memory, thinking, language, problem-solving, and behavior. Although it can affect anyone, older adults are the most frequently affected.

The most common indications and symptoms of dementia include the following:

  • Memory loss: Memory loss is one of the most common symptoms of dementia. People with dementia may forget recent events, conversations, and appointments, have difficulty recalling people’s names and faces, or remember how to do everyday tasks.
  • Difficulty with problem-solving and decision-making: People with dementia may have difficulty making decisions and solving problems. They may have trouble understanding instructions, completing tasks, or following through on conversations.
  • Language problems: People with dementia may have difficulty understanding and using language. They may have trouble finding the right words to express themselves, understanding others, or reading and writing.
  • Disorientation: People with dementia may become disoriented, confused about time and place, and even forget where they live. They may also become confused about their identity.
  • Changes in behavior and personality: People with dementia may experience changes in their behavior and personality. They may become agitated, aggressive, or frustrated easily. They may also become withdrawn, apathetic, or disinterested in activities they previously enjoyed.
  • Difficulty with motor skills: People with dementia may struggle with motor skills. They may have trouble walking, maintaining balance, or writing.
  • Loss of appetite: People with dementia may have difficulty eating and lose their appetite. They may forget to eat, have trouble swallowing, or be unable to recognize food.

These are some of the most common indications and symptoms of dementia. However, it is important to note that not everyone with dementia will experience all of these symptoms. If you think you or someone you know may be showing signs of dementia, it is important to get a diagnosis from a doctor to seek dementia care as soon as possible.

What Causes Dementia to Start?

Changes in specific brain regions that affect neurons (nerve cells) and the connections that link them result in dementia. To understand how various types of dementia are related to changes in the brain, researchers are currently looking into why some people suffer these changes while others do not. Rare genetic defects that cause dementia have been detected in a tiny percentage of people.

Living a healthy lifestyle may help reduce risk factors for dementia in general, while we do not yet know what, if anything, might prevent dementia.

How Is Dementia Identified?

Doctors first determine whether a patient has an underlying, potentially treatable condition that may be connected to cognitive problems before diagnosing dementia. Blood tests to measure levels of various chemicals, hormones, and vitamins in blood and other fluids, along with physical examinations to evaluate blood pressure and other vital signs, can help identify or rule out potential causes of symptoms.

A person’s family and medical history can offer crucial hints regarding their propensity for dementia. When and how symptoms first manifested, behavioral and personality changes, and whether the patient is currently taking any medications that could exacerbate or worsen symptoms are some of the frequently asked inquiries.


It is crucial to consult a doctor if you or a loved one is experiencing any of the symptoms above. Treatments are available to assist in managing dementia symptoms and halt the disease’s progression. It is essential to seek medical help early as this can help to improve the quality of life of the person with dementia. 

Memory care facilities provide a safe and supportive environment for individuals with dementia. Dementia care facilities offer social and recreational activities, meals, snacks, and other services. For individuals with dementia, dementia care facilities can be an invaluable source of support and care.

The Connecticut Assisted Living Association and the Alzheimer’s Association have recognized The Greens at Greenwich as a Purple Flag community for superior memory care. Schedule a tour of dementia care facilities in Connecticut today. 

We're looking forward to speaking with you.

Click to call 203.531.5500 or complete the contact form to Schedule a Tour of our Assisted Living Community with Executive Director, Maria Scaros.

1155 King Street, Greenwich, CT 06831

Contact Us


    © Copyright 2023 The Greens at Greenwich. All Rights Reserved.